The Twentieth Century Society

Listings reports

Summer 2016

Added

Former Financial Times Printworks, East India Dock Road; LB Tower Hamlets,  Nicholas Grimshaw and Partners, 1988; Grade II*
We successfully objected to a proposed Certificate of Immunity for this important ‘landmark’ building, an outstanding example of a bespoke 1980s industrial structure. HE said it was ‘a streamlined and clean-lined building that boldly expresses the building’s structural system and internal function’, praising its technical innovation and historic place in the legacy of the British newspaper industry.

All Saints, Darlaston Walsall Road, Darlaston, West Midlands, Richard Twentyman, 1952-56 & Emmanuel Bentley Church Cairn Drive, Bentley, Walsall, West Midlands, Richard Twentyman, 1954-56; Grade II
Twentyman is said to have ‘pioneered the Modern Movement in the West Midlands’. Both these churches are modernist in style but relatively traditional in liturgical arrangement. HE recognised that both are characterised by careful attention to detail in planning and execution, good massing, inventive design and the use of lighting to dramatic effect. Original fixtures, fittings and decoration survive in both.

The Seasons Mural Myton (formerly Oken) School, Myton Rd, Warwick; Alan Sorrell, 1953; Grade II
We supported the listing of this stunning and exceptionally detailed large-scale mural. HE said it was ‘a fine piece of large-scale mid-century mural work’ which made use of the large expanse of wall’.

Studio and residential complex Loudoun Road, St John’s Wood; LB Camden, Tom Kay, 1974 – 80; Grade II
HE praised this small studio/flat/shops complex near the Alexandra Road estate, as ‘an innovative low-rise, mixed-use complex on a human scale, demonstrating clear affinities with contemporary Camden public housing’. The distinctive and clearly- expressed design combines an intricate stepped section, rugged brick textures and playful details such as porthole windows and ceramic door numbers.

Sir Malcolm Stewart Homes and Common Room Stewartby, Bedfordshire; Bedford Borough Council, Sir Albert Richardson, 1955 – 56; Homes, common room, lamp-posts and railings all listed at Grade II
This unique retirement complex was an addition to the village of Stewartby, originally established in 1923 to house workers at the London Brick Factory. HE described the bungalows, grouped around two greens,as having a ‘harmonious neo-Georgian design’ with good quality detailing. The Common Room also has a ‘refined design’, particularly the copper bell-cast roof and intricate detailing of many of the internal fittings.

Church of St Michael, Clarendon Road, Ashford, Middlesex, LB Hounslow, Giles Gilbert Scott, 1927–60 & Roman Catholic Church of St Gregory the Great and Church Hall, Victoria Road,South Ruislip, LB Hillingdon, Gerard Goalen, 1965 ;Grade II
Our Lady Help of Christians at Tile Cross, Birmingham, Richard Gilbert Scott, 1966–67; Upgraded to Grade II*

These churches have all been listed under Historic England’s Taking Stock exercise.

Turned Down

Landmark House, 69 Leadenhall Street; City of London,Sir Terry Farrell and Partners, 1987
We supported a third party application to list this landmark corner building, an influential work in Farrell’s oeuvre and an important representative of post-modernism, but HE concluded that there are better examples elsewhere, including some by Farrell.

Cumberbatch North and South, Trinity College, Oxford, Maguire & Murray, 1964 – 65
We were consulted on a COI application for these sensitively designed college buildings, but this was granted, based on the finding that they lacked coherence in the quality of their design and detail.

Horizon Factory, Imperial Tobacco, Thane Road, Nottingham Arup Associates, 1969-71
Our request to DCMS to reconsider its previous decision not to list and to issue a COI was turned down.

Birmingham Chamber of Commerce & Industry and John Piper mural, Birmingham, John Madin, 1958-61
We have long tried to protect this elegant, Scandinavian-influenced building and its Piper mural in the entrance hall, again threatened with demolition after renewal of a planning consent. After our request for review, the DCMS upheld a decision not to list, but the unique mosaic mural will be relocated prior to any demolition works, and we have offered our support in finding it a new home.

Crystal Palace House, Friar’s Lane, Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk concept by Sir Michael Hopkins, 1978
This strikingly simple and elegantly designed steel-framed house was turned down for listing by HE because ‘the finished building does not meet the standards of unified design and constructional detail that is the essence of simple steel-framed houses pioneered in California in the 1950s and early 1960s.’

Cheviot House, 227 – 233 Commercial Road, London; LB Tower Hamlets; G G Winbourne, 1937
We supported an application to list this commercial building for the woollen cloth merchants Kornberg & Segal Ltd, a striking example of commercial inter-war architecture with sleekly curving window sections, towered corner and a splayed cornice.

Oxford Ice Rink, Oxpens Road, Oxford, Nicholas Grimshaw, 1984
We supported an unsuccessful application to list this innovative and unusual example of a leisure building of the period, one of the earliest buildings designed by Sir Nicholas Grimshaw. A landmark structure with masts that give a nautical flavour, the building was held not to meet the standard for listing.

Put Forward

Waterloo International Terminal, Waterloo Station; LB Lambeth, Nicholas Grimshaw and Partners, 1988-93
We are seeking listing at Grade II* for the terminal, independently of the station’s older elements. The long, curving, clear-span glass and steel roof structure rests on a huge multi-storey concrete viaduct containing dedicated arrival and departure levels and car park, all integrated into Victorian brick vaults. Network Rail has been granted a certificate of lawfulness for development, and intends to strip out the concourse level interiors and insert a new infill roof. We think these works could have a hugely detrimental impact.

BHS Mural, Merseyway Shopping Centre, 11 – 27 Princes Street, Stockport, Henry and Joyce Collins, 1978
This mural’s five concrete panels depict the history of Stockport. Pale blue, dark blue, red and orange mosaic detailing shows features of traditional Cheshire timber buildings, combining the vernacular of traditional medieval friezes with bold colours and vibrant modern style and typography in a well-preserved example of public art.

Prinsted Grange, Prinsted Lane, Emsworth, Hampshire; Chichester DC,Oliver Hill, 1923 – 24
This early but characteristic work by Hill is built in a ‘picturesque traditional manner’ and carefully integrated into its extensive grounds. It shows many of Hill’s favourite characteristics of the period: a vernacular picturesqueness, a high thatched roofscape with prominent chimney, the use of natural materials, free-form planning and irregularly placed rows of leaded casement windows. The interior features prominent fireplace hoods, an open gallery and a dramatic staircase.

18 Roffes Lane, Chaldon, Surrey; Tandridge DC, Ernest Trobridge, 1920
This accomplished green-elm detached house in a wooded and landscaped plot is by an architect whose work outside London is little recognised.

60 Hornton Street Kensington, London W2, James Melvin of Gollins, Melvin & Ward; 1969
There are proposals to demolish this house designed by Melvin for himself. It is an exceptional building using black bricks and rectangular corner windows; later internal alterations are very sympathetic. Submitted for consideration at Grade II.

Supported

Brixton Recreation Centre, Brixton Station Road, London; LB Lambeth Ted Hollamby and George Finch for Lambeth Architect’s Department, 1974-85
At the time the most sophisticated indoor sports centre in England, the Rec provided six floors of facilities, with long views up, down and across the central space. The walls of the concrete structure are clad in red brick and the roof is covered in copper. We have supported Docomomo’s application for Grade II listing.

Comyn Ching Triangle, Seven Dials, London; LB Camden, Terry Farrell, 1978-88
We are supporting a third party application to list this important example of post-modern urban development, involving the restoration and selected in-fill of a group of 25 listed C18 and C19 houses in three terraces.

Former Post Office, Station Road, West Drayton; LB Hillingdon, Frederick Llewellyn, 1933
This Arts & Crafts design complementing the vernacular of surrounding buildings is a rare survivor of an alternative to the neo-Georgian municipal architecture common at the time.

Babergh District Council Offices, Hadleigh, Suffolk, Arup Associates, 1978-82
This superb example of small council office architecture complements the C18 and C19 cottages and granary on the site, with a truly harmonious overall effect. It is now threatened by the combination of two councils.

Havens Department Store, Westcliff-on-Sea, Southend, Essex, Hert Cowley, 1935
This striking building retains its original shop fronts with glazed stall risers, glass entrance doors and signage. The large permanent canopy was an innovative feature in 1935.

Other Listings

Consulted

Smallbrook Queensway, Birmingham; Birmingham City Council, James Roberts, 1959-62
This first completed part of Birmingham’s inner ring road appears as one flowing expanse, but is actually four office blocks linked together, with offices cantilevering over the shop fronts below. Pevsner describes it as the ‘best piece of mid-century urban design in the city’. A COI has been applied for, and we have written in strong support of Grade II listing.

Dunelm House, Durham University, Architects Co-Partnership, 1965
We objected strongly to a COI on this last remaining largely unaltered post-war purpose-built Students’ Union building, and supported listing at the higher Grade of II*. It was recommended for listing by HE when they undertook their thematic review of university buildings, but not taken forward.

Not progressed

The Alchemists’ Elements Murals, Faraday Building, UMIST Campus, Manchester; Manchester City Council,Hans Tisdall, 1967
These high quality murals by this leading designer were constructed of individual coloured tesserae in vibrant colours. The subject – the alchemist’s desire to transform base metal into gold – alluded to the modern science of chemistry taught in the building, but the murals have already been removed.

Lord’s Cricket Ground Media Centre, Saint John’s Wood Road, London; LB Westminster, Future Systems, 1999
Because the building is subject to the 30-year rule, HE concluded that planned works to the building do not constitute a sufficient threat to take this application forward.

The Albany, Douglas Way, Deptford; LB Lewisham, HKPA, 1982
HE has put the listing process on hold while the theatre undergoes works. We requested that they continue their assessment during the works as a matter of urgency, but this request has been turned down.

Ellen Gates

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