The Twentieth Century Society

Visiting war memorials

To follow our tours of London war memorials, download these leaflets which give you directions for each walk and brief information about each memorial:

City War Memorial Walk

Westminster War Memorial Walk

These leaflets were created as part of the Sites of Memory project, which was funded by the Heritage Lottery Fund, and included putting online the descriptions and photos of individual memorials. To search for full details of particular memorials use the map and search box on the war memorials home page.

If you are planning to visit the war cemeteries of the western front, eastern France or north Italy, you can download the full tour notes, in the order of the itinerary, and find further information from the sources in the bibliographies, below.

C20 War Cemetries of Flanders and Picardy tour notes for two weekend itineraries

C20 War Cemeteries of Champagne & Argonne tour notes for three day itinerary

C20 War Cemeteries of the Veneto Italy tour notes for three day itinerary



Flanders & Picardy

For a fuller history of the establishment of the I.W.G.C. by Sir Fabian Ware and the development of its commemorative policies and its architectural approach, see David Crane, Empires of the Dead: How One Man’s Vision Led to the Creation of WWI’s War Graves (London, 2013), also Philip Longworth, The Unending Vigil: A History of the Commonwealth War Graves Commission 1917-1967 (Constable, London, 1967) as well as Gavin Stamp, The Memorial to the Missing of the Somme (Profile, London, 2006) which contains a bibliography about war memorial architecture and much else relevant to the subject.

For other buildings in the areas visited, see Dominiek Dendooven (trans. Ian Connerty), Menin Gate & Last Post: Ypres as Holy Ground (Koksijde, n.d.); Rose E.B. Coombs, Before Endeavours Fade: A Guide to the Battlefields of the First World War (London, 1976 &c.); Michael Barker & Paul Atterbury, The North of France: A Guide to the Art, Architecture, Landscape and Atmosphere of Artois, Picardy and Flanders (London, 1990). For the architects, there is Eitan Karol, Charles Holden, Architect (Donington, forthcoming); Richard A. Fellows, Sir Reginald Blomfield: An Edwardian Architect (London, 1985); and, in the large literature on Lutyens, there is Tim Skelton & Gerald Gliddon, Lutyens and the Great War (London, 2008), Jeroen Geurst, Cemeteries of the Great War by Sir Edwin Lutyens (Rotterdam, 2010), and David Crellin, ‘“Some corner of a foreign field”: Lutyens, Empire and the Sites of Remembrance’ in Andrew Hopkins & Gavin Stamp, eds, Lutyens Abroad (British School at Rome, London, 2002).

Champagne & Argonne

J.-M. de Busscher, Les Folies de l’Industrie (Bruxelles, 1981); [Alexandre Niess], Cimetières militaries et monuments aux morts de la Grande Guerre: Marne (Paris, 2005); Elizabeth G. Grossman, ‘Architecture for as Public Client: The Monuments and Chapels of the American Battle Monuments Commission’ in the Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians, xlii, May 1984; Rose E.B. Coombs, Before Endeavours Fade: A Guide to the Battlefields of the First World War, 5th ed. (London, 1986); John Keegan, The First World War (London, 1998); Jay Winter, Sites of Memory, Sites of Mourning: The Great War in European cultural history (Cambridge, 1995).

Veneto, Italy

Mark Thompson, The White War: Life and Death on the Italian Front 1915-1919 (Faber & Faber, London, 2008); Peter Savage, Lorimer and the Edinburgh Craft Designers (Paul Harris, Edinburgh, 1980); Philip Longworth, The Unending Vigil (Commonwealth War Graves Commission, London, 1967); Anna Maria Fiore, ‘I sacrari italiani della Grande guerra’ and other essays in Maria Giuffrè, Fabio Mangone, Sergio Pace & Ornella Selvafolta, eds, L’architettura della memoria in Italia: Cimiteri, monumenti e città 1750-1939 (Skira, Milano, 2007); Gunnar Brands, “From World War I Cemeteries to the Nazi ‘Fortresses of the Dead’: Architecture, Heroic Landscape, and the Quest for National Identity in Germany” in Joachim Wolschke-Bulmahn, Places of Commemoration: Search for Identity and Landscape Design (Harvard University Press, 2001); and Carlo Scarpa: Architetto poeta (RIBA exhibition catalogue, 1974).

There are also guides to individual sites: Sacrari Militari Della Prima Guerra Mondiale: Montello, Fagarè (Commissariato Generale Onoranze Caduti in Guerra, Roma, 1975); ditto. Redipuglia, Oslavia (Roma, 1976); ditto. Asiago, Pasubio (Roma, 1976); ditto Monte Grappa (Roma, 1976).