The Twentieth Century Society

Listings reports

Spring 2004

Shown below are the listings reports for Spring 2004.


Litchfield Court, Sheen Road, Richmond, Surrey; Bertram Carter, 1935, Grade II

But Bertram Carter’s building goes beyond the merely functional brief to create a dramatic courtyard environment with white bands of the galleries stepping forward to envelop the staircase towers. This highly stylised effect is truly unique and takes the building from being a quite standard apartment block of the era to a truly exciting new level. The courtyard walkways with their sculptural uniformity let the building transcend from the moderne to the modern. In this they are reminiscent of Wells Coates’ Embassy Court in Brighton dating from 1934-35 with its ‘radical white bands of balconies and stair parapets’ (see Pevsner: Sussex, p.74). This idea of the external walkway as access for high-rise buildings became very popular in post-war developments, and Litchfield Court can therefore be seen as an early forerunner of this design development.

Turned Down

Tricorn Centre, Portsmouth, Hampshire, Owen Luder Partnership, 1966

The Tricorn Centre was turned down for the second time after 1995. The Twentieth Century Society and the Portsmouth Society campaigned extensively for the retention and listing of the building. The Heritage Minister described the Tricorn as ‘dispiriting’ and said it never achieved to fulfil its function. The Tricorn will most probably be demolished in favour of a new shopping centre.

Yakeley House, 21 Horn Lane, Linton, Cambridgeshire; Stephen Yakeley, 1971, unlisted

The inspector’s advice reads: ‘As an American his work is particularly interesting, notably for its strong geometric composition in the manner of Charles Moore.’ Regrettably the building was turned down for having been too altered.

Put Forward

Little Chef, canopy structure, Markham Moor, Nottinghamshire, Sam Scorer, late 1950s

One of the most interesting hypar structures in the country and a rare example of good post-war roadside architecture. Threatened by demolition through the building of a new motorway flyover.

56 Wicklands Road, Saltdean, Sussex, Connell and Ward, 1933-5

The last relatively intact of formerly three private houses on the site, and apart from the Lido the only interesting modernist building in Saltdean.

Chalcots Estate, Swiss Cottage, London, 1965-70, Dennis Lennon and Partners

Put forward for conservation area status. It is an interesting estate of true landmark character. The group of five high rise blocks with sophisticated facades is completed by high quality residential low rise buildings. Planning applications to insert new windows and overclad the facades of the towers threaten their current elegance.

Vista Point, 21 Tamarisk Way, East Preston, Angmering on Sea, West Sussex, Patrick Gwynne, 1969-70

A good example of a private house by Gwynne, late modernism with strong 1970s elements and completely intact, architect designed interiors including wood panelling and built in furniture. The owner died recently and the house is on the market. Due to value of the site demolition cannot be excluded.

Battersea Power Station, London SW8, Giles Gilbert Scott, 1931-55, Grade II

Put forward for grade II* due to its exceptional landmark character and importance withing Scott’s oeuvre. Proposals for its conversion are now in.

Certificate of Immunity

Pimlico School, Lupus Street, Westminster, London, John Bancroft, 1965-70, unlisted

John Bancroft is pursuing judicial review of this action and we have offered our support.


Palace of Arts, Palace of Industries, Wembley, Simpson and Ayrton and O Williams (respectively), 1924-5

The Palace of Arts was delisted for being partly demolition while the Palace of Industries was described as not being of special interest. It was also noted that the building had been turned down for listing twelve years ago.

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